Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), often referred to as Napoleon I, was a French military commander and emperor. They came to power in the early nineteenth century and conquered the majority of Western Europe. Napoleon was reared on the island of Corsica during the French Revolution, where he swiftly advanced through the ranks of the military (1789-1799). In 1804, after a “coup d’état” in France in 1799, he declared himself emperor after capturing political control of the nation. Napoleon was a shrewd, ambitious, and talented military strategist who successfully waged war against several European power combinations and extended his empire throughout the Napoleonic Wars.
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